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Shiko Munakata
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Death Date: 
Munakata is perhaps the best known figure in 20th-century Japanese printmaking, yet his individual beliefs did not strictly accord with the principles of the sosaku hanga movement he is taken to represent. Unlike many others, Munakata adhered to Buddhist subjects and older representational conventions. Advocating a Buddist sacrifice of self, Munakata nonetheless exerted considerable force as a personality, and his printmaking could even be described as performative: he worked at great speed, succumbing--as he put it--to the power of the board, which held forms waiting to be released by the artist. Munakata also devoted energy to poetry, art criticism, calligraphy, and book design. He received Japan's highest artistic honor, the Order of Culture, in 1970. Volk, Alicia. MADE IN JAPAN The Postwar Creative Print Movement. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Milwaukee Art Museum in association with University of Washington Press, 2005, page 112. (hgs 3/27/09)