Sant'Andrea di Barbarana, It.
House founded in 1953. Worked previously for Paquin and Dior. Expelled from the Chambre Syndicale in 1959 for creating a ready-to-wear collection for a department store. He was subsequently reinstated, and now RTW collections live side by side with couture in every fashion house. He later resigned from the Chambre and shows in his own venue, the Espace Cardin, opened in 1971. Now known primarily for vigorously licensing associated products with his fashion house. Cardin's designs during his peak in the 60s and 70s were provocative and futuristic.