York House, Twickenham, England
Eldest son of the comte de Paris, he was born at York House, Twickenham, on the 6th of February 1869. The law of exile against the French princes having been abrogated in 1871, he returned with his parents to France. He was first educated by a private tutor, and then followed the courses of the municipal college at Eu. In 1882 he entered the College Stanislas, Paris, and took a first prize in a competitive Latin translation. On the death of the comte de Chambord, the comte de Paris became head of the Bourbons; and in 1886 he and his son were exiled from France. Queen Victoria appointed the duke of Orleans a supernumerary cadet at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. After passing his examinations he received a commission in the 4th battalion of the 6oth Rifles, then quartered in India. In January 1888 the duke went out to India, accompanied by Colonel de Parseval as military governor and adviser. He returned to France in 1890 and was briefly imprisoned. On 5 November 1896 he married Maria Dorothea of Austria. An explorer, he left accounts of his wide travels including explorations of the Arctic. Sometime after 1902 he acquired the screw steamer "Belgica" from N.C. Halvorsen. He used the boat for research in the Kara and Greenland seas in 1905, cruising from West Spitsbergen to Greenland and along the coast.