Carle Vanloo achieved immense fame and enjoyed a brilliant career in eighteenth-century France. He is the most famous member of a successful dynasty of painters of Dutch origin. Born in Nice, Vanloo followed his brother Jean-Baptiste to Turin, and then to Rome in 1712, where he studied under Benedetto Luti and the sculptor Pierre Legros. In 1724 he won the Prix de Rome, and arrived at the French Academy in Rome in 1727, as did his future rival Fran,cois Boucher. He returned to Turin in 1732 and was back in Paris in 1734, where he was elected to membership as a history painter in the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture. He roserapidly in the hierarchy of the academy, was ennobled in 1751, and named First Painter to the King in 1762. His patrons included members of the court, the Gobelins factory, private individuals, and the church. His ceuvre includes every category: religion, history, mythology, portraiture, allegory, and genre scenes. Baron Grimm called him the greatest painter in Europe, and Voltaire compared him to Raphael. In the ensuing centuries, Vanloo's critical fortune has plummeted, although his ability remains admirable, and the quality and variety of his work command respect.