Tiraspol, near Odessa
Painter and stage designer. Pioneer of pure abstraction in painting. Founded the Rayonist movement (c. 1910) with Natalya Goncharova, whom he later married. Early work was influenced by Impressionism and Symbolism, but he later introduced a nonrepresentational style conceived as a synthesis of Cubism, Futurism, and Orphism. In the Rayonist manifesto (1913), he espoused the principle of the reduction of form in figure and landscape compositions into rays of reflected light. Both Larionov and Goncharova exhibited in the first Jack of Diamonds exhibition of avant-garde Russian art in Moscow (1910). In 1914 they went to Paris, where both achieved renown as designers for Sergey Diaghilev's Ballets Russes.