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Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
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Ingres became the greatest practitioner of the classical ideal of French art in the first half of the nineteenth century. A precocious artist, Ingres studied at the Toulouse Academy before entering the studio of Jacques-Louis David in 1797. In 1801 Ingres won the Prix de Rome for his Enuoys of Agamemnon before Achilles (Paris, Ecole des Beaux-Arts) but owing to the uncertain political climate did not arrive in Rome until 1806. He lived in Rome from 1806 until 1824, supporting himself on the sale of historical paintings and the creation of highly insightful pencil portraits. After returning to Paris in 1824 he became the chief exponent of the virtues of classicism and line against the forces promoting romanticism and color as exemplified in the art of Eugene Delacroix. From 1835 to 1841 Ingres served as the director of the French Academy in Rome. Ingres, whose art was highly favored in official circles, received numerous awards and medals, including being accorded a retrospective exhibition at the Universal Exposition in 1855. There is an Ingres museum in Montauban which contains the contents of Ingres's studio plus works by artists in the circle of the master.