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Jean-Léon Gérôme
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Born in Vesoul 11 May 1824. Died in Paris 10 January 1804. Gerome was born in the province of Haute-Saone, the son of a prosperous silversmith. Afler attending local schools, he moved to Paris in 1839 to enter the studio of Paul Delaroche. Following a year in Rome with Delaroche he studied with Charles Gleyre in 1845, whose neoclassical manner he adopted for the treatment of scenes from ancient life. His Cock Fight (Paris, Musee du Louvre) won a third-class medal at the Salon of 1847 and considerable critical and public attention. In 1854 he made the first of many trips to the Near East, and soon his treatments of oriental subjects vied in number with his classical scenes. He was awarded the Legion of Honor in 1855, appointed a professor at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in 1863, and elected a member of the Institute of France in 1865. From this influential position as famous teacher and leading proponent of classical artistic values, Ger6me was a powerful opponent of impressionism and the avant-garde. In 1878 he exhibited his first monumental sculpture. He remained active as a painter, sculptor, and teacher until his death.