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Maxime Lalanne
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Nogent-sur-Marne, France
An important contributor to the French etching revival in the 1860s, Maxime Lalanne was also a highly-regarded draughtsman whose etchings and charcoal drawings were exhibited at the Salons. He is best known for views of Paris and Bordeaux and landscapes, particularly views of Paris streets. Following his father’s example, Lalanne studied law in Bordeaux, but abandoned those studies to pursue art. Sometime after 1850 he left Bordeaux for Paris to study under Jean Gigoux (1806-1894). He first exhibited at the Salon in 1852, showing two charcoal drawings, followed by drawings shown at the Salons of 1855, 1857 and 1861. He learned etching, apparently during the 1850s, and by 1862 his skill was recognized by Alfred Cadart (1828-1875), who included Lalanne as a founding member of the Société des Aqua-fortistes (Society of Etchers) and printed three of Lalanne’s works in the first group of sixty prints by members of the Société published in 1862 and 1863, and continued to publish etchings in the other four portfolios issued by the Société through 1867. He exhibited etchings and drawings at the Salons until 1880, receiving medals for his etchings in 1866, 1873, 1874 and 1875. Cadart published Lalanne’s etchings until 1881. Lalanne also etched book illustrations, made etchings reproducing works by other artists for the Gazette des Beaux-Arts and L’Artiste, and drew illustrations for books and other journals. His technical skills led him to publish two instructional manuals, Traité de la gravure à l’eau-forte in 1866 on etching and Le Fusain in 1869 on charcoal drawing. Suffering from a crippling bone disease, Lalanne retired to Nogent-sur-Marne, a short distance east of Paris, where he died in 1886. (TNB 5/2010) Selected bibliography: Bailly-Herzberg, Janine. L’Eau-forte de peintre au dix-neuvième siècle: La Société des aquafortistes, 1862–1867. Vol. 2, pp. 124-127. Paris: Leonce Laget, 1972. Bailly-Herzberg, Janine. Dictionnaire de l’estampe en France, 1830–1950, pp. 175–6. Paris, 1985. Grad, Bonnie Lee and Timothy A. Riggs. Visions of City and Country: Prints and Photographs of Nineteenth Century France, pp. 129-132. Exhibition catalog. Washington, National Gallery of Art, 1982.