Known for his poster designs in the late 19th- and early 20th-century Paris, Jules-Alexandre Grün was also a painter and illustrator. A pupil of Jean Baptiste Antoine Guillemet (1843-1918), Grün became a noted Salon painter, exhibiting at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1887, becoming “hors concours” (automatically accepted without the need to compete) and a committee and jury member for the Salon. Described as a typical denizen of Montmartre who frequented the Chat Noir cabaret, he followed Jules Chéret (1836-1932) and echoed Henri Toulouse-Lautrec (1864-1901) in his design of posters. He contributed drawings and designs to a number of popular journals, including La Caricature and Le Courrier français. He was made a member of the Legion of Honor and received other awards and decorations. (TNB 3/2010) Selected bibliography:**Bénézit, Emmanuel. Dictionary of Artists, vol. 6, pp. 756. Paris: Gründ, 2006.