Painter and photographer; born Breslau,Germany 1905. Student of Otto Mueller and attended the State Academy of Arts and Crafts in Breslau. Emigrated to USA 1933. U. S. citizen since 1940. Lived in San Francisco. Instructor of art history, drawing and painting at SF State College from 1938-1973. Was an internationally known photographer during his lifetime. Died in San Francisco 12 June 1998.