Born in Lead, South Dakota. Attended the California School of Fine Arts, 1946-1950. Exhibition: Large Scale Drawings by Modern Artists at the California Palace of the Legion of Honor, SF, 1950; One man exhibition of drawings at M. H. de Young Memorial Museum, San Francisco, 1960 and 1963. Exhibition: A Period of Exploration, San Francisco: 1940-1950 at the Oakland Museum, 1973; Exhibition: Biennial of Contemporary Art, The Whitney Museum, 1975; Exhibition: Painting and Sculpture in the Modern Era, Smithsonian Institution, 1977; Represented by Gallery Paule Anglim, San Francisco, 1980s. For full bio, see artist file in vertical files.