Christened Hyacinthe François Honoré Mathias Pierre André Rigaud; Baptised 18 July 1659 in Perpignan; awarded the Prix de Rome 1682; a prolific and successful artist of the Baroque period specializing in portraits and historical scenes; he painted royal portraits in France and England; became director of l'Academie in 1733; Trained at Montpellier before moving to Lyon and eventually to Paris in 1681, where he devoted himself to portrait painting. By 1688, when he received his first royal commission, he had a reputation among the wealthier bourgeoisie of Paris. From 1690 onward, his work, mostly for the court, consisted almost entirely of portraits. Gained admission to the academy as a historical painter in January 1700. Excelled in the great formal portrait, as in his famous painting of Louis XIV in robes of state (1701; now in the Louvre).