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Egon Schiele
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Expressionist painter, draughtsman, printmaker. Noted for the eroticism of his figurative works. A student at the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts (1907-09), Schiele was influenced by the "Jugendstil" movement (German Art Nouveau). He met Gustav Klimt, leader of the Vienna Sezession group. The linearity and subtlety of Schiele's work owe something to Klimt's decorative elegance. Schiele, however, emphasized expression over decoration, heightening the emotive power of line with feverish tension. He concentrated on the human figure, and his candid, agitated treatment of erotic themes caused a sensation. 1909: helped found the Neukunstgruppe (New Art Group) in Vienna. 1911-onward: exhibited throughout Europe. A special room was devoted to his work at a 1918 Sezessionist exhibit in Vienna, shortly before his death from Spanish influenza. Important works include "The Self Seer" (1911), "The Cardinal and Nun" (1912), and "Embrace" (1917). His landscapes exhibit the same febrile quality of color and line.