Jules Renard, a caricaturist, lithographer and painter active in Paris during the late 19th century, adopted the name “Draner” for his work, an anagram of his last name. He moved to Paris from Belgium in 1861 and became an illustrator for books and several satirical and news periodicals of the time, including Charivari, L’Illustration, and Paris-Comique and a series on the siege of Paris in L’Eclipse during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71. He often added his own captions, and achieved great popularity. He drew persons from the streets of Paris, often soldiers, emphasizing members of the military during 1870-71. He was also a theatrical costume designer, working for theaters in Paris, London, Brussels and New York City. (TNB 2/2010) Selected bibliography: Bénézit, Emmanuel. Dictionary of Artists, vol. 4 p.1138. Paris: Gründ, 2006.