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Cornelis Bloemaert
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A Dutch engraver known for his number of reproductive prints, Cornelis Bloemaert was born and trained in Utrecht but worked most of his life in Rome. His grandfather, also named Cornelis Bloemaert (ca. 1540-1593), was a successful sculptor, architect and engineer. The second of five sons of Abraham Bloemaert (1566-1651), the younger Cornelis received his initial training in painting and engraving from his father and later studied with Gerrit van Honthorst (1590-1656). He also received training in engraving from Crispijn de Passe, the Elder (ca. 1565-1637). By 1625 he was creating engravings after works by his father, and ultimately produced 49 plates after Abraham’s works, as well as 9 more after works by his older brother Hendrick (ca. 1601-1672). Bloemaert moved to Paris to work and study in 1630 (as his father had done). While in Paris he continued to create engravings after his father’s works. He and Theodor Matham (ca. 1605-1676) created fifty-eight plates after drawings by Flemish painter Abraham Diepenbeek (1596-1675) and others illustrating the art collection of Jacques Favereau (1590-1675), published with text by Michel de Marolles (1600-1681) as Tableaux du temple des Muses. In 1633 Joachim von Sandrart (1606-1688), the German artist and writer, called Bloemaert and Matham to Rome, where they all lived in the palace of Marchese Vincenzo Giustiniani (1564–1637). With Matham, Reinier van Persyn (ca. 1614-1668) and other artists, Bloemaert engraved prints after drawings by Sandrart and others of Giustiniani’s collection of antique statuary, which was published in the first volume of Galleria Giustiniani in about 1637. Bloemaert apparently lived in Palazzo Giustiniani for a year or two after the prince’s death, and later moved to villa of Cardinal Francesco Peretti Montalto (1597-1655), where he created engravings after paintings in the Cardinal’s collection. By 1647 he has moved to his own lodgings in Rome and continued to create engravings after a wide variety of Italian artists. In all he made approximately 400 plates and achieved an international reputation. While described as an accomplished painter and draftsman, few if any surviving paintings or drawings can be securely attributed to him. He died in Rome without having returned to Holland, having outlived his four brothers. (TNB 4/2012) ) Selected bibliography: Roethlisberger, Marcel Georges, with Marten Jan Bok. Abraham Bloemaert and his sons: paintings and prints. Diane L. Webb, trans. Pp. 513-526 and passim. Aetas aurea; no. 11; 2 vols. Doornspijk, The Netherlands: Davaco, 1993.