A leading illustrator, painter, lithographer, draughtsman and etcher working in the Romantic style popular in mid-19th-century France, Célestin Nanteuil produced a large oeuvre of illustrations for literature, song sheets, and other works. Born in Rome to French parents, he returned to Paris with his family in 1814. He shared artistic talent with his older brother Charles (1811-after 1880), a talented sculptor. In 1829, at the age of 16, he entered the École des Beaux-Arts to study in the studio of Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (1780-1867). By the next year Nanteuil had achieved success as an illustrator of song sheets and was sufficiently well-known as an artist to be introduced to Victor Hugo (1802-1885), leading to a close friendship. He exhibited a painting in the Salon of 1833 and won medals in the Salons of 1837, 1848 and 1861. Perhaps his best works were illustrations done in the 1830s and 1840s for books, journals and song sheets. These included several works by Hugo, Théophile Gautier (1811-1872) and Alexandre Dumas (1802-1870). Later in his career he was appointed the director of Dijon’s Académie des Beaux-Arts and the Musé de Dijon, and was made a member of the Legion of Honor. (TNB 5/2010) Selected bibliography: Bailly-Herzberg, Janine. Dictionnaire de l’estampe en France, 1830–1950, pp. 240. Paris: Arts et Métiers Graphiques - Flammarion, 1985.