Attended University of Calif. at Berkeley, studying with hans Hoffmann, then followed Hoffmann to Germany. Met and married Janet Todd in Berlin, then travelled and worked in Europe - mainly Italy - until impending war forced them back to berkeley in 1947. Joined the WPA, where his European studies in fresco painting were valuable. Served as art director for the WPA in San Francisco until the end of the program. Continued mural work and painting throughout the rest of his life.