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Anthonie Waterloo
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A landscape artist in the Dutch Golden Age, Anthonie Waterloo was a painter and draftsman, but is primarily known for his etchings, which he published himself. The latest catalog raisonné attributes 139 prints to him, including nine plates by Johannes Ruischer (ca, 1625-after 1675) that Waterloo acquired and reworked. Editions of his popular prints continued to be issued into the late 18th century. Relatively few of his paintings have survived, but a large number of landscape drawings have survived. Waterloo was born in Lille, then in Flanders, and was baptized on May 6, 1609. His father Caspar Waterloo (d. 1661) was a cloth-cutter. His mother Magdalena Vaillant (ca. 1586-after 1663) was the aunt of the Dutch artist Wallerant Vaillant (1623-1677). In 1620 he moved with his mother to Leiden and the following year to Amsterdam, where they were joined by his father in 1623. Scholars suspect that the family moved from Lille to escape religious persecution. Waterloo was confirmed as a member of the Walloon church in Amsterdam on March 26, 1630. Nothing is known about Waterloo’s artistic training, but he must have prospered as an artist by the time of his marriage to Catharyna Stevens van de Dorp (ca. 1603-1674) on May 13, 1640. The marriage contract lists his prints and drawings among his assets, leading to the inference that he had a stock of prints for sale. She was the widow of the painter and art dealer Elias Homis (n.d.), with two children. She apparently continued her first husband’s business as an art dealer; a 1641 amendment to the marriage contract lists that as her profession. Waterloo and his new wife had six children, born from 1641 to 1651; their baptismal records list him as a painter. In 1651 he witnessed the marriage of his step-daughter Elizabeth Homis to the Amsterdam painter and art dealer Johannes Croon (1630?-1664). During the early 1650s he made numerous drawings depicting topographical views of Amsterdam; these were finished drawings intended for sale. By the beginning of 1653 Waterloo moved to Leeuwarden, north of Amsterdam, where he became a citizen on January 18, 1653. Around this time Waterloo began traveling, and visited Bentheim and Cleves in nearby Germany. In November 1655 he and his wife joined the Dutch Reformed Church in Maarssen, just north of Utrecht; presumably they had moved there. Waterloo continued to travel, making landscape drawings as he went; sometime around 1560 he traveled through northern Germany and Poland, going as far east as Danzig (now Gdansk, Poland). Archival documents show that he bought a house in Amsterdam in 1661 and (with his brother) sold his mother’s Amsterdam house that year; he sold another Amsterdam house in 1663. His wife died in 1674. The following year he sold houses in Utrecht and Maarssen, probably to satisfy creditors. Waterloo was a witness to the marriage of his son Abraman in Amsterdam on June 27, 1676. Then in 1678 he transferred at least some of his assets to his son, and retired to the St. Jobsgasthuis, an almshouse in Utrecht, where he died on October 23, 1690. The suggestion of some biographers that he died in poverty was rejected by Morse, a more recent biographer, who concluded that Waterloo was a “prosperous bourgeois artist.” (TNB 3/2013) Selected Bibliography: Morse, Peter. “Antoni Waterloo (1609-1690),” pp. ix-xix, in The Illustrated Bartsch, vol. 2 comm, pt. 1. New York: Abaris Books, 1992. Schuckman, Christiaan. “Introduction.” pp. 11-34, in Hollstein, F. W. H. Duch and Flemish Etchings, Engravings and Woodcuts ca. 1450-1700. Vol. L, Rotterdam: Sound & Vision Interactive, and Amsterdam: Rijksmuseum: 1997.