Woodblock artist and book designer, born 1891, died in Tokyo 1955. Early education in a Japanese -German middle school (intended to prepare him for medical studies) gave Onchi access to Western artistic influences such as Wassily Kandinsky and Edvard Munch, which he later passed on to colleagues and followers. Unsuited to conventional styles, Onchi lasted only four months at the Tokyo School of Fine Arts and instead devoted his energies to publishing prints in the magazine Tsukuhae (Moonglow) which he co-founded. He also helped establish the First Thursday Society, in 1939. Among Onchi's many significant contributuins to the sosaku hanga movement is the tenet that artists should carve and print their own works. In his own practice of woodblock, he departed from the cherrywood used in traditional ukiyo-e and instead employed various other types of wood along with materials such as fabric, string, fish fins, and leaves. His primarily abstract, flattened style invites musical analogy. Volk, Alicia. MADE IN JAPAN The Postwar Creative Print Movement. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Milwaukee Art Museum in association with University of Washington Press, 2005, plates 4 & 5, page 38 and page 113. hgs 12/12/08.