Hubert James Marcel Taffin de Givenchy. House founded 1952. Grandson of the diector of the Beauvias Manufacture(tapestry). Assistant to Jacques Fath(1945), Pinguet(1946), and Lelong(1947). Director of the Schiapparelli boutique, 1947-1951. Retired in 1995. John Galliano named designer 1996 and replaced in the same year by Alexander McQueen, who left in 2001. Julian MacDonald followed and was replaced in 2005 by Riccardo Tisci.