Les Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer, Bouches-du-Rhône.
Known for his satirical illustrations mocking the customs of French society, René-Georges-Hermann Paul was a painter, printmaker and draftsman as well as an illustrator. Known as Hermann-Paul, his works appeared in numerous newspapers and journals, as illustrations for books, and in several series of prints. A painter of some skill, his 1904 portrait of Paul Cézanne (1839-1906) was widely praised when shown at the Salon d’Automne in Paris. The son of a doctor, Hermann-Paul was born on December 27, 1864 in Paris. After some education in the sciences, he turned to art and enrolled in the École des Arts Décoratifs. He also worked at the Académie Julian and was the student of the painters Gustave Colin (1828-1910) and Henry Lerolle (1848-1929). In 1894 his three-color lithograph, Modistes (Milliners, IFF 24), was published as port of André Marty’s (1857-?) L’estampe originale, a set of ninety-five prints published by Marty in installments from 1893 through 1895. In 1895 Hermann-Paul published two suites of ten lithographs each, La vie de Monsieur Quelconque and La vie de Madame Quelconque (IFF 35, 36), caricatures of the mores of the French bourgeoisie. He also published political illustrations, such as his drawings protesting the false the conviction of Captain Alfred Dreyfus (1859-1935) on espionage charges published in Le Figaro. A versatile artist, he created watercolors, woodcuts and designs for posters and theater programs. During his career Hermann-Paul created hundreds of prints and drawings. Later in his life he spent more time in the Camargue, in the Rhone River Delta on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea. Among his last works were drawings and drypoints of his beloved Camargue. He died in Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer, the “capital” of the Camargue, on June 23,1940. (Rev. TNB 11/2013) Selected bibliography: Adhémar, Jean, Jacques Lethève and Françoise Gardey. Inventaire du fonds français après 1800. Vol. 10, pp. 299-353. Paris: Bibliothèque nationale, 1959. Bailly-Herzberg, Janine. Dictionnaire de l’estampe en France, 1830–1950, pp. 152. Paris: Arts et Métiers Graphiques, 1985. Bénézit, Emmanuel. Dictionnaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs. Vol. 6, p. 931. Paris: Gründ, 1999.