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Gerard Edelinck
Nationality: 
flemish
Gender: 
Male
Birth Date: 
1640
Birth Place: 
Antwerp
Death Date: 
1707
Death Place: 
Paris
A Flemish engraver who worked in Paris for most of his career, Gérard Edelinck was one of the 17th century’s great reproductive engravers, known particularly for his portraits. His father Bernard Edelinck was a tailor, but Gérard and his younger brothers Jean (1643-1680) and Jasper Franks (known in France as Gaspard-François, 1644-1672) all became engravers, with Gérard and Jean also becoming print publishers. Gérard was the student of Antwerp artist Gaspar Huybrechts (1619-1684) during 1652 and 1653, when he was also registered as an apprentice with the artists’ Guild of St. Luke there. He also studied with Cornelis Galle the Younger (1615-1678) and was enrolled as a Master in the Guild of St. Luke during the Guild’s year 1663-1664. Edelinck went to Paris in 1666 to join his brother Jean, and worked in the studio of Nicolas Pitau (1632-1671), who also had been born in Antwerp. Gérard also worked with the printmaker and art dealer François de Poilly (1622-1693), the painter and printmaker Robert Nanteuil (1623-1678) and the painter and draftsman Philippe de Champagne (1602-1674). In 1672 Edelinck married Nanteuil’s niece Madeleine Regnesson, the daughter of the engraver and print publisher Nicolas Regnesson (1620/1625-1670) and joined his father-in-law’s publishing business. Edelinck became a French citizen in 1675. Thanks to the influence of Charles Le Brun (1619-1690), the “Premier Peinture de Roi” for King Louis XIV and the director of the Goeblins factory, he began working in the royal print works, obtained an appointment to work at Goeblins, and was made a member of the Académie Royal in 1677. Other honors followed; in 1695 he was made a knight of the Order of Saint-Michel, and a Papal Knight. Later he became a councilor at the Académie and was appointed “Premier Dessinateur du Cabinet du Roi,” the principal draftsman for the King. His students included the French engraver Jacques Lubin (1637-1695), who was also known for his portraits. While Edelinck’s work includes a wide variety of subjects, including religious themes, histories and allegories, about two-thirds of his more than 300 works are portraits, generally after works by the leading portrait painters of the time in Paris. He died in Paris in 1707. (TNB 1/2013) Selected bibliography: Weigert, Roger-Armand. Introduction to “Gérard Edelinck” in Inventaire du fonds français, graveurs du XVIIe siècle. Vol. IV, pp. 7-9. Paris: Bibliothèque Nationale, 1961.