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Elaine de Kooning
Nationality: 
american
Gender: 
Female
Birth Date: 
1920
Birth Place: 
New York City
Death Date: 
1989
Elaine Fried de Kooning was a pivotal figure in the male-dominated New York City art scene of the 1950's. She became one of the most important and outspoken members of the second generation of American Abstract Expressionists. A highly respected teacher, she was widely known for her paintings, prints and writings on art, especially articles in Art News (late 1940's and 1950's). Many of her early paintings were portraits of men (she was working on a painting of President Kennedy at the time of his assassination, see AWARDS and SELECTED ONE-PERSON EXHIBITIONS). Other subjects included groups of figures in action (e.g., basketball and baseball encounters). Since 1983 her work was inspired by prehistoric animal images painted on cave walls in southern France. FAMILY BACKGROUND: 1943 married artist Willem de Kooning EDUCATION: 1936-1938 attended Hunter College, the Leonardo da Vinci Art School, and the American Artist's School, New York City 1948 attended Black Mountain College, North Carolina (where her husband was teaching), took classes with Josef Albers and Buckminster Fuller, studied dance with Merce Cunningham ACADEMIC POSITIONS: 1959 University of New Mexico 1960 Pennsylvania State University 1963-1964 University of California, Davis 1967 Yale University 1968 Pratt Institute 1968-1970 Carnegie-Mellon University 1971-1972 University of Pennsylvania 1971 Wagner College 1974 New York Studio School, Paris 1974-1975 Parsons School of Design, New York City 1976-1979 University of Georgia 1979 Skowhegan School 1979 or later, Bard College ARTIST-IN-RESIDENCE: 1983 first artist to participate in Mount Holyoke College artist-in-residence print-publishing program; created Lascaux series. ASSOCIATIONS WITH MAJOR PRINTING PRESSES include: Tamarind Institute, New Mexico Crown Point Press, Oakland AWARDS and HONORS include: -Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts, Western College, Oxford, Ohio; and Moore College of Art, Philadelphia -Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters, Adelphi University, New York -Milton and Sally Avery Chair, Bard College, New York -Rhode Island School of Design, Providence -Mellon Chair, Carnegie-Mellon University. Pittsburgh -Lamare Dodd Chair, University of Georgia, Athens -Commissioned by President Harry S. Truman to paint portrait of John F. Kennedy (1963) SELECTED ONE-PERSON EXHIBITIONS include: 1990-1997 -Elaine de Kooning Paintings 1955-1965, Joan T. Washburn Gallery, New York (October-November 1996) 1980-1989 -Galerie Silvia Menzel, Berlin -Grimaldis Gallery, Baltimore -Guggenheim Gallery, Miami, Florida 1970-1979 -Benson Gallery, East Hampton, New York -Tampa Bay Art Center, Florida 1960-1969 -JFK Portraits (traveled, including Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia; Harry S. Truman Library, Independence, Missouri) -New Paintings (traveled, including Art Gallery Unlimited, San Francisco) 1950-1959 -Retrospective (traveled, including Gump’s Gallery, San Francisco) -Tibor de Nagy Gallery, New York -Stable Gallery, New York (her first New York exhibition) SELECTED GROUP EXHIBITIONS include: 1990-1997 -Thirty-Five Years at Crown Point Press: Making Prints, Doing Art, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. (June-September, 1997), FAMSF (October 1997-January 1998) -Art & Friendship: Selections from the Roland F. Pease Collection, Tibor de Nagy Gallery, New York (July-September 1997) -Major Paintings, Sculpture & Drawings, Joan T. Washburn Gallery, New York (April-May 1996) 1980-1989 -For 25 Years: Crown Point Press, Museum of Modern Art, New York -Public and Private: American Prints Today, The Brooklyn Museum (traveled) -A Graphic Muse: Prints By Contempoary American Women, Mount Holyoke College Art Museum (traveled, including Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut; and The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art) -The Fifties: Painting in New York, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C. 1970-1979 -Women’s Work: American Art, Philadelphia Civic Center -Self Portraits, Indianapolis Museum of Art -Whitney Annual, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York 1960-1969 -60 American Painters, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis -New Image, (traveled, including Chicago Art Institute; Museum of Modern Art, New York; Carnegie-Mellon University Museum, Pittsburgh) 1950-1959 -4th Annual International Exhibition, Tokyo Museum of Art, Japan -Young American Painters, Museum of Modern Art, New York -Expressionism, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis -Carnegie International, Carnegie-Mellon University Museum, Pittsburgh -The New York School, The Jewish Museum, New York -Sports in Art, American Federation of Arts, New York