Nyack, New York
New York , N.Y.
Painter and etcher. Realistic depictions of everyday urban scenes in which the viewer recognizes the strangeness of familiar surroundings. Major influence on Pop art and New Realist painters of the 1960s and 1970s. Originally trained as an illustrator. Between 1901 and 1906, studied painting under Robert Henri, a member of the Ashcan School. Travelled to Europe three times between 1906 and 1910, but remained unimpressed by the French avant-garde. Continued throughout his career to chart his own artistic course. Although he exhibited in the Armory Show of 1913, he devoted most of his time to advertising art and illustrative etchings until 1924. He then began to do watercolors, as well as oil paintings. Like the Ashcan School, he concentrated on the commonplaces of urban life. His paintings embody a strong sense of loneliness. The isolation of his subjects was heightened by his characteristic use of light to insulate people and objects in space. Hopper's mature style was already formed by the mid-1920s. His subsequent development showed a constant refinement of his vision. Late works are distinguished by very subtle spatial relationships and an ever greater mastery of light.